1088: Lincoln Cathedral – Lincoln, England
Innovation: Lincoln Cathedral
Location: Lincoln, England
By: Bishop Remigius
The Lincoln Cathedral began its construction in the year 1088 and was completed in 1311. The cathedral was the tallest building in the world for 238 years at a height of 525 feet from 1311-1549 until its central spire blew down during a storm. The spire was never reconstructed and presently the cathedral stands at a height of 484 feet. In order to construct the cathedral many architectural advancements of the time had to be implemented into its design. Pointed arches, flying buttresses and ribbed vaulting were all used to support the large windows of the building. The shape of the cathedral is a cross with the entrance being at the west and the altar being at the east. Its design and appearance follows the Early English Gothic style cathedrals and is made primarily of stone. Currently around $1.6 million is spent on the upkeep of the cathedral.